In order to become the Republican or Democratic Party nominee for a particular office, you must file an application for a place on the ballot with the county or state party chair, as appropriate (see chart). Tex. Elec. Code Ann. § 172.022. The application must be filed between November 9, 2013 and December 9, 2013. Tex. Elec. Code Ann. § 172.023. The application for a place on the primary ballot must be accompanied by either a filing fee or a nominating petition signed by a certain number of qualified voters. Certain judicial candidates in Bexar, Dallas, Harris, Tarrant and Travis must file additional petitions. Certain Statewide judicial candidates must also file additional petitions using the Statewide Judicial Office on Primary Ballot petition form.
See Tex. Elec. Code Ann. § 162.015 for more details about how primary voting or candidacy affects (or does not affect) candidacy in the general election.
|Public Office Sought in 2014||File App. with Party Chair||Filing Fee||Nominating Petition in Lieu of Filing Fee|
|State||County||%Signatures c||Number of Signaturesh|
|United States Senator||x||-||$5,000||-||5000|
|United States Representative||x a||-||$3,125||2%||500|
|Comptroller of Public Accounts||x||-||$3,750||-||5000|
|Commissioner of General Land Office||x||-||$3,750||-||5000|
|Commissioner of Agriculture||x||-||$3,750||-||5000|
|Chief Justice & Justice, Supreme Court g||x||-||$3,750||-||5000|
|Judge, Court of Criminal Appeals g||x||-||$3,750||-||5000|
|State Senator||x a||-||$1,250||2%||500|
|State Representative||x a||-||$750||2%||500|
|Member, State Board of Education||x a||-||$300||2%||500|
|Chief Justice and Justice, Court of Appeals b||x a||-||$2,500/$1,875 e||2%||500|
|District Judge b||x a||-||$2,500/$1,500 f||2%||500|
|Criminal District Judge b||x a||-||$2,500/$1,500 f||2%||500|
|Family District Judge b||x a||-||$2,500/$1,500 f||2%||500|
|District Attorney||x a||-||$1,250||2%||500|
|Criminal District Attorney||x a||-||$1,250||2%||500|
|Judge, County Court-at-Law b||-||x||$2,500/$1,500 f||2%||500|
|Judge, County Criminal Court b||-||x||$2,500/$1,500 f||2%||500|
|Judge, County Probate Courtb||-||x||$2,500/$1,500 f||2%||500|
|District & County Clerk||-||x||$1,250/$750d||2%||500|
|Justice of the Peace b||-||x||$1,000/$375d||2%||500|
|Source: Texas Election Code Section||§172.022||§172.024||§172.025|
- File with county chair if district is composed of only one county.
- For candidates running for Courts of Appeals in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 14th Districts and all candidates running for judicial offices in Bexar, Dallas, Harris, and Tarrant Counties, a 250-signature judicial petition is required in addition to the filing fee, or 750 signatures must be collected on the petition in lieu of filing fee. Tex. Elec. Code Ann. § 172.021(e).
- Percentage of all votes for all gubernatorial candidates cast in the applicable territory in the 2010 general election. If number is less than 50, a larger percentage may be required. Consult Secretary of State for further information.
- Pay higher fee if county has at least 200,000 inhabitants according to 2010 Census.
- Pay higher fee in Courts of Appeals Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 14. Tex. Elec. Code Ann. § 172.024(7), (8).
- Pay higher fee in Bexar, Dallas, Harris, and Tarrant Counties. Tex. Elec. Code Ann. § 172.024(10), (12).
- A candidate for the office of chief justice or justice, supreme court, or presiding judge or judge, court of criminal appeals, who chooses to pay the filing fee, must also accompany the application and fee with a petition. The minimum number of signatures that must appear on the petition is 50 from each of the fourteen court of appeals districts, for a total requirement of 700 signatures. Tex. Elec. Code Ann. § 172.021(g).
- The minimum number of signatures that must appear on candidate’s petition for statewide office is 5000. The minimum number of signatures that must appear on candidate’s petition for district, county, or precinct office is the lesser of (1) 500, or (2) 2% of the total vote received in the district, county, or precinct, as applicable, by all gubernatorial candidates in the 2010 general election, subject to (c) above. Tex. Elec. Code Ann. § 172.025.